Te following information is an outlook of the document issued by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) regarding theTRACKING AND TRACING COVID: PROTECTING PRIVACY AND DATA WHILE USING APPS AND BIOMETRICS  Its only objective is to inform:

Key Takeaways

Governments are collaborating with telecommunication service providers to access geolocation data to track population movements.

  • The German telecommunications provider Deutsche Telekom is providing anonymised “movement flows” data of its users to the Robert-Koch Institute, a research institute and government agency responsible for disease control and prevention.
  • Vodafone Group’sFive Point Planto address COVID-19 includes providing governments with large anonymised data sets (such as an aggregated and anonymous heat map for the Lombardy region) to help authorities better understand population movements.
  • The European Commission is currently liaising with eight European telecommunications operators toobtain from them anonymised aggregate mobile geolocation data, in order to coordinate measures tracking the spread of COVID-19. To address privacy concerns, the data will be deleted once the crisis is over.

New mobile applications for COVID-19 “tracking” are also being launched:

Trace Together Developed by the Government Technology Agency of Singapore (GovTech) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health, using Bluetooth, this app tracks individuals who have been exposed to the virus.

Pan-European Privacy-Preserving Proximity Tracing Over 130 scientists, technologists and experts from  eight  European  countries–including  France,  Germany  and  Italy–took  part  in  a  non-profit initiative that developed an open source app which analyses Bluetooth signals between mobile phonesto  detect  users  who  have  been  in  close  proximity  to  each  other.  The app  temporarily  stores  that encrypted data locally, and if the users later test positive for COVID-19, it can alert anyone who has been around the infected individual in the preceding days, whilekeeping all users’ identities protected.

Koreas´Tracking App Funded by the Korean governmentthe Self-quarantine Safety App, is a GPS-based tracking app used by public authorities to provide information on COVID-19, including quarantine guidelines,and to prevent possible violationsof self-quarantine orders.The app can also be used forself-checking and voluntary reportingto health care authorities. The data collected is not shared withthird parties.

Covid 19 Symptom Tracker The aim of this app developed in the United Kingdom as a partnershipbetweendoctors and scientists at King’s College London, a health data science company.

Apple and Google partner on COVID-19 contact tracing technology

Tracking apps can embody varying degrees of privacy and data protection

Leveraging biometric data adds both benefits and challenges

Privacy-by-design can help address the risks

Key recommendations

Digital technologies provide powerful tools for governments in their fight to control the COVID-19 pandemic, but their  privacy  and  data  protection  implications  must  be  recognised. Contact-tracing  apps  should  be implemented with full transparency, in consultation with major stakeholders, robust privacy-by-design protections, and through open source projects (where appropriate). Governments should consider:

  • The legal basis of the use of these technologies, which varies according to the type of data collected.
  • Whether the use of these technologies and the subsequent data gathering is proportionate, and consider how the data is stored, processed, shared and with whom (including what security and privacy-by-design protocols are implemented).
  • The quality of the data collected and whether it is fit for purpose.
  • Whether the public is well-informed and the approaches adopted are implemented with full transparency and accountability.
  • The time period within which more invasive technologies that collect personal data may be used to combat the crisis. Data should be retained only for so long as is necessary to serve the specific purpose for which it was collected.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

The company processes your data to facilitate the publication and management of comments. You can exercise your rights of access, rectification, deletion and opposition, among others, according to our Privacy policy.