Council of Europe: Recommendation CM/Rec(2020)1 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the human rights impacts of algorithmic systems.
The Council of Europe calls on its 47 members States to advise them the necessity of taking a careful approach concerning the development of algorithmic systmens and adopt legislation, policies and practices that fully respect human rights.
“The recommendation acknowledges the vast potential of algorithmic processes to foster innovation and economic development in numerous fields, including communication, education, transportation, governance and health systems.
At the same time, the recommendation warns of significant challenges to human rights related to the use of algorithmic systems, mostly concerning the right to a fair trial; privacy and data protection; freedom of thought, conscience and religion; the freedoms of expression and assembly; the right to equal treatment; and economic and social rights.
As a matter of principle, States should ensure that algorithmic systems incorporate safety, privacy, data protection and security safeguards by design. States must further carefully consider the quality and provenance of datasets, as well as inherent risks, such as the possible de-anonymisation of data, their inappropriate or decontextualised use, and the generation of new, inferred, potentially sensitive data through automated means.
The guidelines underline the need for governments to endow their relevant national institutions responsible for supervision, oversight, risk assessment and enforcement with adequate resources and authority.”