Joint European Roadmap towards lifting COVID-19 containment measures.
“Create a framework for contact tracing and warning with the use of mobile apps, which respects data privacy: mobile applications that warn citizens of an increased risk due to contact with a person tested positive for COVID-19 are particularly relevant in the phase of lifting containment measures, when the infection risk grows as more and more people get in contact with each other.
As experienced by other countries dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic, these applications can help interrupt infection chains and reduce the risk of further virus transmission. They should thus be an important element in the strategies put in place by Member States, complementing other measures like increased testing capacities. The use of such mobile applications should be voluntary for individuals, based on users’ consent and fully respecting European privacy and personal data protection rules. When using tracing apps, users should remain in control of their data.
National health authorities should be involved in the design of the system. Tracing close proximity between mobile devices should be allowed only on an anonymous
and aggregated basis, without any tracking of citizens, and names of possibly infected persons should not be disclosed to other users. Mobile tracing and warning applications should be subject to demanding transparency requirements, be deactivated as soon as the COVID-19 crisis is over and any remaining data erased. Taking into account network effects, the widespread take-up of a pan-EU reference app, or at least interoperability and sharing of results between such apps, would allow for a more effective warning of people concerned and a more efficient public health policy follow-up. ”